The medical community today is witnessing an era where health systems connect to the forefront of a pulsating global health scene. As health care challenges become more complex and interconnected, there is a demand for a coordinated response to health integrated with the intrinsic challenges of a system characterized by inequities in access and health coverage. Within these challenges we can talk about that highly acclaimed global health, and nutrition is a topic that definitely does not escape from this framework.
World Nutrition Day is celebrated every May 28 . This day was originally established by the Spanish Federation of Nutrition, Food and Dietetics (FESNAD) with the aim of teaching the population to establish correct eating habits and thus improve the health and nutrition of the body. But what does it mean to have a healthy eating habit?
This is not only related to the fact of preparing well or choosing properly the food we eat, but also giving us the time, space and the pleasure of enjoying meals every day. It is important to remember that learning to develop good eating habits is essential for meals to produce the benefits expected in our body.
Currently, the globalization and accelerated lifestyles to which we submit ourselves daily have resulted in living influenced by an increasingly overwhelming and hostile rhythm. The workload, the race with its demands and intrinsic sacrifices, the family, housework and stress do not allow us to feed ourselves in a healthy way. Most of the time we do not know how harmful some foods are for our organism , we let ourselves be carried away by fast foods, precooked foods and we cheat ourselves with light products , without knowing that there are much more appropriate options, as well as strategies to reach more food. healthy.
An adequate diet is one that covers:
The energy requirements such as carbohydrates, proteins and fats, which are related to basal metabolic expenditure, the expense of physical activity and the expense induced by the diet.
The needs of non-energy micronutrients such as vitamins and minerals.
The correct hydration based on the consumption of beverages, especially water.
the sufficient ingestion of dietary fiber.
During this day, the efforts are focused on establishing guidelines to begin to lead to a healthy one, improving especially nutrition and nutrition. We recognize that the presence of correct eating habits is essential within the pillars of good health and general well-being. Knowing this is of vital importance throughout the year, but it should be noted in commemoration of World Nutrition Day.
I thought it necessary to emphasize the importance of nutrition to lead a healthy life. And this has been reflected by the World Health Organization, through affirmations that extend to various stages of life, such as malnutrition during pregnancy affects the fetus and contributes to a pregnancy with complications, or that nutrition is essential to avoid anemia in adolescents. Even so, as indicated, the lack of vitamins and minerals as a result of improper nutrition is still prevalent throughout the world .
Many times we hear about the importance of living a better and healthier lifestyle, but we do not know how to do it and we do not know the reasons to do it.
To reach a healthier diet, it is necessary to consider health in an integral way, since this way you will enjoy a fuller existence.
Nutrition and health
It is important to consume daily carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals and water , these nutrients will tend to the construction and maintenance of a healthy body function.
A poor health can be caused by an imbalance of nutrients either by excess or deficiency . In addition, most of the nutrients are involved in cell signaling (as part of constituent blocks, of hormones or of the hormonal signaling cascade), deficiency or excess of several nutrients indirectly affect hormonal function. Thus, as they largely regulate the expression of genes, hormones represent a nexus between nutrition and our genes, which are expressed in our phenotype.
According to the World Health Organization , more than hunger, the real challenge today is the deficiency of essentials, the same that does not allow the body to ensure growth and maintain their vital functions.
There are multiple diseases related or caused by a deficient diet , either in quantity, excess or defect, or poor quality: anemia and atherosclerosis, some types of cancer, diabetes mellitus, obesity, hypertension, vitamin deficiency, malnutrition, endemic goiter, bulimia and anorexia nervosa.
In our current society, at the pace of life we lead, sedentary lifestyle, little personal time and for affection, an unhealthy diet, where fast food abounds, refined flours, products rich in fat and sodium, makes our health is affected for many noncommunicable chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, metabolic syndrome and hypertension, with all its complications and cardiovascular risks.
Certain diseases that affect the small intestine can cause an incorrect absorption of nutrients, such as celiac disease without diagnosis or treatment and Crohn’s disease. Nutrition must be harmonious, healthy and balanced.
A poor diet also causes oral damage, because at the time when the body stops receiving the nutrients necessary for tissue renewal, the mouth becomes more susceptible to infections .
The excess of carbohydrates, starches and sugars produce plaque acids that adhere to the enamel of the teeth, causing their destruction.
The role of the medical student
After analyzing the panorama of the latent relationship between Health and Nutrition, we must be born as medical students, recognizing that we play a fundamental role in education and health promotion, this is to spread healthy practices, ensure the continuity of These councils , an educated society that focuses its efforts to shape hygienic dietary conditions that often result in public health problems, will be able to move forward and gradually influence the prevalence rates of these diseases.
Our activities should continue to focus not only on our academic training as such, but on empowering and motivating medical students to actively promote healthy eating, nutrition to be relevant through advocacy, capacity building, resources and tools that promote that awareness of supporting students in the realization of activities and projects, creating a society aware of the difference of the change of a lifestyle, and the role of an adequate energy contribution in our daily life.
We, as medical students, represent future leaders of current health and, as such, we represent a perfect field to develop competent future leaders who will be involved in finding solutions to public health problems, not only at the time of academic formation, but also later in life To initiate change, we must be equipped with the appropriate tools and knowledge to successfully manage our fellow students of medicine, our communities and the population in general, with peer education being a crucial point to achieve these established objectives.
We as a part of the future health professions are a big component in terms of global health coverage. If we want to achieve that universal reach starting with our country, we must be aware of the part we play inherently in the process and how we can do it better, so our choices and actions as health professions will be progressively reflected, as we continue to celebrate one, 10 or 100 world days of Nutrition more.